About Digital Product Passports (DPP)
The Digital Product Passport (DPP) is a set of sustainability data that enables circular products and business models. A consistent digital representation of a physical product creates an improved information exchange along the supply chain, enabling the verification and management of product sustainability.
The product passport means that each product has a unique identity that can be linked to one or more data sources with information about that particular product. The product passport gives businesses and consumers access to product information directly from the supplier or other data sources chosen by the supplier. The information may cover the product’s sustainability performance, origin, warranty, recycling and instructions for installation or repair.
The new EU regulation
Europe is at the beginning of its transformation to a more circular economy and aims to become the world’s most sustainable region. Digital Product Passports is included in a new EU framework – the Ecodesign Sustainable Products Regulation (ESPR), as part of the EU Green Deal, aiming to meet Europe’s commitment to the Paris Agreement and the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) .
The proposal covers almost all physical products on the European market in all product areas with the exception of food, pet food and medical products where other legislation with similar requirements applies. The regulation is expected to start applying in early 2024 and will be rolled out gradually until 2030.
Benefits of Digital Product Passports
For brand owners and industries, the EU regulation on product passports is just one of several drivers. A consistent information management provides the necessary tools to achieve and monitor businesses’ own sustainability goals, increase consumer interaction and many other benefits.
Contributes to sustainability
Consumers and professional buyers get product data to help them make sustainable choices.
Unique identifiers and standardised data make it visible that all parties in the supply chain meet sustainability requirements.
Open sustainability data provides increased global visibility for the brand and towards consumers.
Consumer and product safety
Reliable and verified data helps protect products, consumers and patients.
More efficient supply chain
Buyers and producing companies avoid unnecessary manual administration and data management.
Standardised information ensures that brand owners comply with regulations and industry requirements.
Digital Product Passports and GS1
GS1 standards enable digital product passports to work in practice. The product portfolio contains standards for identification, capturing and sharing, including 2D barcodes and GS1 Digital Link, which are extra relevant for product passports. This means that GS1 standards can be web-enabled and product information from the same code can be scanned by consumers mobile phones, at the checkout and by all parties in the supply chain.
GS1 Sweden has a driving role in enabling solutions for digital product passports. We are active in the global standardisation work at GS1 to further future-proof the DPP standards portfolio. We also participate in the following Swedish and European initiatives;
Battery Passport, which drives the development of product passports for industrial batteries.
CIRPASS, which develops prototypes for product passports on behalf of the European Commission.
ProPare, which is developing the underlying infrastructure for digital product passports.
Trace4Value, which runs several projects for sustainable system transformation.
Working groups for digital product passports
Here you will find shortcuts to the new EU regulation, reports and publications from companies and authorities.
Read updates and news about the latest developments in digital product passports.
Here are some examples of projects and collaborations at national or European level.